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Meet the Winners!

Monday, February 15, 2021
Posted by
Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters

Meet the winners of our Merrimack Canoe contest:

GRAND PRIZE – Northern Light II

Aspen Anderson
Grand Rapids, MN

Paddles rupture still water. Swirling, twirling tornadoes follow underneath a glassy blue. One, two, three, I count. And then they are gone, melting back into the current that runs below. A current that will bring these waters north, to the lake where my family lives, eventually to the Hudson Bay. Seven tween girls scatter themselves about our three canoes. I lead.   We filter water from the lake and make dinner around a campfire that smells of pine needles. Afterwards, the girls skinny dip in the blackness, pinpricks of light dangling above their heads. Laughter and screams ñ sounds of friendship forming ñ echo in the night.  I stand on the beach, allowing the grandeur of it all to humiliate me.  I think about the whipping winds sending white crested waves into our boats, 12 year olds with twigs for legs carrying canoes on their shoulders, packs twice their size on their backs, each portage leading us to a new world.   I think about how these waters have shaped us. How they have nurtured, comforted, provided. How it is our duty to respect, protect them.   Incoming waves tickle my toes, sinking my feet deeper into the grainy sand, rooting me, keeping me here.

First Runner-Up – St. Croix Rods Legend Package

Chris Francis
Madison, SD

I lay here with my son,  awake,  beneath a canopy of jack pine, spruce, and cedar,  as stars and constellations flicker,  from the highest of celestial limbs far above,  a song of woods and waters plays in our head,  a throbbing pulse drumming in our hearts,  vulnerable to the allure of this most special of place,  we yearn to know,  to find,  to climb,  to stumble,  to run through,  to look what lies behind those firs,  that bit of rock,  that yellow lichen below,  to gaze,  to step upon,  leaving not a trace,  our sounds of song linger in that air,  water that ripples away from our canoe,  it will dissipate,  but we were there,  of that moment,  now we are near dreams,  tired and nestled away,  in song with my son,  my boy,  he looks up with me, I say to him kept words,  that these deepest of woods have raised me,  these the woods of my youth,  are now of his,  once it was me and my grandfather,  now me and him,  of these sacred woods,  of these cherished waters,  of these stars,  I leave my boy these places,  filled with mystic songs of youth and memory.

Second Runner-Up – Gunflint Paddle 

Anna Heil
Ely, MN

There are summers where I've spent more nights camped on beds of fragrant pine needles than on box springs. Winters when I've longed for clear cold stars over popcorn ceilings. Sometimes the in-between seasons have found me knee deep in mud, watching loons and geese flee south, or return home... And on the days when I wasn't, when I was far away from the Boundary Waters, I wished for the weight of a canoe on my shoulders. Sometimes it's hard to communicate to the ones who've never sweat and strained behind a dog sled what exactly is wrapped up in this wilderness. What meaning the misty mornings of stillness and the smoldering fires and the sweet blueberry bushes hold. For me, it's independence and vulnerability. It's shared memories and triumphs. Defeats that cracked me open and laughter that sewed me back up. For my community it's pride. It's contention but it's liberation. Stewardship, recreation... It's permission for entry into the world of trout and moose and wolves. I hope we'll always be able to have these experiences, timeless and endlessly fresh. I hope those who haven't yet had the privilege will always have the choice to discover it for themselves.

Third Runner-Up – Cooke Custom Sewing Hybrid Pack 

Carolyn Reilly
Westminster, Colorado

I have four brothers, and my parents were the Boy Scout leaders. I tagged along on small trips with the boys, but I was never allowed at the official camps. I was so jealous of my brothers going to Philmont and Sea Base, but I didnít have the opportunity. We lived in rural Iowa, and the local Girl Scout troop just did crafts in the church basement. At 13, I finally found a troop an hour away that went camping. My first trip with them was to the Boundary Waters. It was the first time I met other girls who would rather wear the same shirt for five days in the wilderness than tie dye one. It was the first time I saw that girls can portage canoes and fish for dinner. It was the first time I didnít have to feel left out by a bunch of boys in the woods. Iíve been back twice since then, and always with a bunch of badass women. The Boundary Waters is my favorite place in the world, not only because I love loons, but because every girl should have the chance to go and see how strong they are.

Fourth Runner-Up – Lake Commando Combo Package

Jeff Sonderegger
West Jordan, Utah

I recently returned from Afghanistan. I was proud to be there, as serving my country has been my deepest desire since childhood. Regardless of the reasons the war there started or the reasons it has continued for two decades, I knew my reasons for serving there when asked. Because I love my family and the land that we call Home.   Such is the case for every other servicemember that I have ever met. And for all warriors throughout history. We don't fight for industry, organizations or national coffers. We fight for the people and places we love. We fight to protect them so that we can come back to them. We fight for Home.   The Boundary Waters is one of those places. Specifically for some, but representatively for all. No deployed soldier daydreams of open-pit mines or oil fields. It's the peaceful places where one is allowed to be alone with their thoughts, or where oneís thoughts finally allow them to be alone that are behind a warriorís tired eyes. Home.  These wild places have so much meaning for so many. They must be protected, for they are so much more than just places. They are home.

Fifth Runner-Up – Frost River Grand Portage Canoe Pack

Samantha Lamers
Ely, MN  

The wilderness is my home. I've literally planted myself on its front doorstep. I have explored only a percentage of what the Boundary Waters has to offer in the last 8 years, but I've traversed her over dogsled, skis, canoe, and by foot.   I am lucky enough to have a job with the USFS fire program. I've made it a point to tailor my career to living on the edge of this wilderness, because I truly believe it to be one of the most unique places in the country. I've seen first hand at the positive impact this wilderness has brought to our community, the energy of travelers from all around the world that have come to our little corner to experience something truly one of a kind.   The Boundary Waters provides me with a career im passionate about and the ability to be a member of a community in a town I love. I will probably never find fulfillment in a 100k job, a fancy sports car, and a luxury home on the lake. Where I find the most fulfillment is working in the woods with a group of dedicated folks and sleeping under stars of an incredible wilderness.

Sixth Runner-Up – Northland Tackle Ice Package

Collin Couey
Grand Marais, MN

This morning we wake to rain.  The water plays plinko down balsam branches and softly patters our tent.  We sleep in.    The storm tires and wanders wayward.  Great pines guarding our island campsite dance in the mist.  We make coffee on a fractured granite slab, then find our canoe and shove off into the unknown.    On a calm forgotten pond, the bow gently parts sedge and bulrush.  The grass leans under stress - thousands of dragonfly perch on stem and flower, awaiting their final molt.   We paddle around aimlessly, catching a few small pike. A beaver slaps their tail in protest and a moose departs across the muskeg.  The sun burns through the clouds and we bask in the warmth.  A sun-dipped dragonfly discovers its new wings and takes flight.  Another follows.  Then another.  Soon the air is filled.  Birds take notice of the naive lunch and swoop en masse.   At camp we sit by the fire while a trout roasts on cedar boughs.  A dozen loons call out and we respond with our own barbaric yawp. The echoes recede with the painted cotton ball clouds... I think to myself: let greed never destroy such a wild and sacred place. 

The Boundary Waters Permanent Protection Bill Factsheet

Tuesday, February 9, 2021
Posted by
Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters

Bill Summary - The Boundary Waters Permanent Protection Bill -  H.F. 840 (Morrison) / S.F. 763 (Cwodzinski) 

  • The Boundary Waters Permanent Protection Bill permanently protects the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) and Voyageurs National Park (VNP) from the inevitable and devastating damage that would result from sulfide-ore copper mining pollution in its watershed. 

  • Pollution from proposed sulfide-ore copper mining on lands upstream of the BWCAW and VNP would flow directly into the system of pristine lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands in the Wilderness.

  • The bill permanently bans both sulfide-ore copper mining and the issuance of state permits, licenses, or leases for sulfide-ore copper mining on state-owned lands in the watershed of the BWCAW.

  • The bill is the state companion to the bipartisan Boundary Waters Protection and Pollution Prevention Act introduced in Congress by Congresswoman Betty McCollum that establishes the same permanent protections on federal lands in the Rainy River Headwaters.

  • The bill ONLY applies to sulfide-ore copper mining and does NOT prohibit or otherwise impact existing or future taconite, iron ore, sand, gravel, and granite mining.

What’s at Stake 

  • The BWCAW is America’s most-visited wilderness area. It contains 1.1 million acres of pristine water and unspoiled woodlands. It is a uniquely water-intensive lakeland wilderness ecosystem. Its interconnected system of lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands set in a forested landscape provides critical habitat for fish, plants, and wildlife, including several endangered and threatened species.

  • The waters of the BWCAW, some of the cleanest in America, lack buffering capacity, which leaves them uniquely vulnerable to pollutants.

  • Scientific modeling and empirical evidence show overwhelmingly that sulfide-ore copper mining in the BWCAW’s watershed threatens with near certainty the destruction of the healthy, intact, and productive wilderness area that supports a full range of recreational and economic activities and is a beloved national and state treasure.

  • The BWCAW is the economic lifeblood of northeastern Minnesota's lucrative tourism industry. Tourism generates $913 million in revenue per year in economic benefits and creates 17,000 jobs that support local families and businesses.

U.S. Clean Energy Transition Does Not Require, & Would Not Benefit From, a TMM Mine

Monday, February 1, 2021
Posted by
Matt Norton & Marley Kehew

“Critical Minerals” Offers Poor Justification for the Twin Metals Mine.

Over the past several years, mining interests and President Trump’s Administration have misused the concept of “critical minerals” as a scare tactic partly to justify the rolling-back of clean water protections and the gutting of longstanding environmental review rules. See, e.g., Sections 3 (a, b, and d) and 4 (b) in the Dec. 20, 2017 Executive Order 13817 “A Federal Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals,” instructing federal agencies to create a list of minerals of critical importance to the economic and national security of the United States.  The Administration’s argument can be refined to something like this:  1) the U.S. relies on imports to obtain supplies of key minerals; 2) import reliance leaves the U.S. vulnerable to having its mineral supplies cut off; 3) mining more at home will free us from our reliance.

Yet upon inspection there are serious flaws in how the industry and Administration use the concept of critical minerals. The most-promoted solution by the mining industry and its mouthpieces -- more mines (in more sensitive places) -- has been grossly oversold.  In addition, the Administration’s actions to advance one such mine -- the Chilean-owned Twin Metals Mine proposal in northeastern Minnesota -- undercut the Administration’s own critical minerals case for the mine. These flaws and inconsistencies are explained below.  

1. Import reliance does not equal import vulnerability. 

In its June 4, 2019 “Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals, the Department of the Interior correctly notes that the U.S. imports 100% of certain minerals it has classed as critical.  Interior errs, however, in defining import reliance as a problem and a vulnerability.  For example, Canada is a leading supplier of critical minerals to the United States.  This puts U.S. national security at risk only if we expect imminent hostilities from our northern neighbor.  The U.S. imports other minerals on the list from Mexico, Belgium, India, Germany, South Africa, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Estonia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and Rwanda.  In short, the U.S. can and does source important minerals from a host of trading partners - many of them long-time allies.  Our allies and trading partner options are a source of strength and security.

2. For many of the listed critical minerals, the industry imports because the metals are produced more cheaply overseas.

Many of the 35 identified critical minerals are not mined alone, but are produced in significant quantities in the as byproducts of hardrock gold, copper, and lead mining operations.  Call them “byproduct critical minerals,” or simply “byproducts.” The U.S. has no shortage of gold, copper, and lead-producing mines, and these mines produce metal concentrates that must be processed in a smelter and then further refined to produce pure streams of distinct metals. 

The U.S. Geological Survey explains that, “the recovery of these byproducts typically is low compared to the total amount of material that was made available from mining, and recovery facility capacity poses a greater restriction on supply than geologic availability.”  The copper, gold, and lead concentrates shipped to smelters contain lots of critical minerals such as arsenic, antimony, bismuth, cobalt, tellurium, and others, but the smelters discard these byproduct minerals as impurities and waste products. The smelters do not invest to fully recover these “byproduct critical minerals,” simply because it would cost more to produce them than the smelter/refiner could make in selling them.  In short, a new mine [the Twin Metals Mine] won’t solve this problem, and therefore this set of critical minerals should not be used by the Administration as an excuse for promoting risky mines in sensitive places, or for gutting environmental laws. Rather, a production credit (if that’s desired) or a run-of-the-mill supply crunch would cause prices to rise, and the market to respond accordingly.

That’s exactly what happened in the rare case of an actual constraint on trade in rare earth elements. In 2010 when China attempted to corner the market for the rare earth elements by restricting exports, the market reacted by raising rare earth element prices (the WTO also intervened, but the metals market achieved results more promptly). As a result, additional mines, some of which had been on long-term “care and maintenance” since the cheaper producers in China had undercut their prices years earlier, came back into production. The Mountain Pass rare earth elements mine in California is the prime example. 

In addition, if the real concern short-term interruptions such as might occur between the start of a restriction on trade and a resumption in supply from either domestic producers or replacement trade from allied countries, the U.S. has in the past and could in the future rely on domestic strategic stockpiles of select minerals. Particularly when overseas mines are lower-cost suppliers than domestic sources of potentially critical minerals, it makes sense for the federal government (Dept. of Defense, Dept. of Commerce, or U.S. Geological Survey) to make steady additions to our domestically-based strategic stockpiles.

3.  Even if it were ever built, the TMM mine would meet less than 2% of the U.S. annual demand for cobalt, (assuming perfect recovery), and as U.S. consumption rises, that percentage would decline; the U.S. could sacrifice water and air quality in the Boundary Waters, and still need to import > 98% of its cobalt needs.

The Trump Administration promoted the Twin Metals Minnesota copper-nickel mine (TMM) as a way to “reduce the vulnerability to disruption of critical mineral supplies,” even though copper and nickel are not critical minerals. The minerals at issue are the very small amounts of platinum, palladium, and cobalt that could be produced by a TMM mine.

It is not wise to get hung-up on platinum and palladium from a mine that might come into production 14 years from now. Both palladium and platinum are heavily used in the manufacture of catalytic converters, which are not found on electric vehicles.  Gasoline vehicles are expected to be in steep decline 2035, which is likely the earliest a TMM mine might possibly come online. The advent of price parity between electric and gasoline cars, after all, is expected by 2025, if not sooner, which means long-term demand (and prices) for Pt and Pd will likely decline.  That leaves cobalt to consider.

Proponents of the TMM like to talk about cobalt, of which the U.S. has almost no domestic sources. But TMM, if built, would produce only very small quantities of cobalt, as a byproduct mainly from the smelting/refining of its nickel concentrates, and the U.S. has a growing appetite for the metal.  For example, the U.S. apparent annual consumption of cobalt in 2019 was 12,400 metric tons. In comparison, TMM’s average annual cobalt production would be no more than 185 metric tons per year, meaning that, if built, then many years from now TMM could supply at most 1.5% of the U.S. cobalt consumption in 2019.  

Thus, under the TMM proponents’ plan, the U.S. would risk the permanent pollution of the Boundary Waters and still be reliant upon imports and other mines for 96.3% of its cobalt consumption. Who but the mining company and its Chilean billionaire owners could possibly think of this as a good bargain?  

Moreover, the focus even on that tiny supply of cobalt presumes that it would be mined, smelted, and refined and made available in the U.S., which turns out is a false assumption.

4. Critical minerals from the Twin Metals mine would go to China, not the U.S. 

Critical minerals from a TMM mine would be sent overseas, most likely to China.[2] This is true for two reasons. First, the U.S. already produces more copper and nickel concentrates than it has capacity to smelt.  Thus, the TMM mine, or indeed any new copper-nickel mine, would be sent for smelting overseas. 

The result of initial mining extraction is a mineral concentrate that needs to be smelted and refined in order to produce pure stocks of copper, nickel, and other metals from which manufactures create end products.  There are only three active copper smelters located and still operating in the U.S., and these are vertically-integrated, meaning that the companies that own them also own their own copper mines, which supply the smelters with enough concentrates to keep them running at or near capacity. In addition, there are zero (0!) nickel smelters in the U.S. Accordingly, any new copper-nickel mine (such as TMM) will certainly send its copper and nickel concentrates out of the country for smelting, most likely to China, Japan or South Korea. Since it is owned by Antofagasta PLC, a TMM mine would likely send its concentrates to China for smelting/refining, as Antofagasta does.  

In short, a TMM mine would not make America great.  It would produce very little critical minerals, and it would send American critical minerals to China or other overseas countries with ample and cheap smelting capacity.  

The second reason why any critical minerals from a TMM mine could be shipped overseas to fuel China’s economy is a Trump Administration decision in 2019.   The old version of the federal mineral leases held by TMM contained a provision requiring the leaseholder, if it shipped concentrates overseas for smelting, to return an equivalent amount of refined metal to the U.S. In 2019, however, the Department of the Interior removed that provision when it renewed the leases. By removing that key provision from TMM’s federal mineral leases, the Trump Administration aided the movement of critical minerals out of the United States.  

If "critical minerals" were anything more than a fig-leaf for the Administration’s determination to gut environmental protections, gut NEPA, and force risky mines into some of the most sensitive and beloved public lands in America, then the Trump Administration would have kept in place the “return to U.S.” provision in the federal mineral leases.  Now, however, Antofagasta PLC has neither the obligation nor the incentive to bring the refined metals back. 

To summarize, “critical minerals” as a concept is a poor justification for the TMM mine: 

  1. the U.S. has many trading partners, including long-time allies, with whom we trade for critical minerals.  Those trading networks are a source of U.S. strength.

  2. Many of the minerals that are identified as critical minerals are in fact produced in sufficient supply in copper, nickel, lead, and gold concentrates, but are discarded as waste material and not recovered during smelting/refining because the costs of recovery exceed the sale price at current prices; hence the issue is one of lower-cost producers overseas, as opposed to domestic lack of supply from existing mines. 

  3. Even in the case of cobalt, the best example of a critical mineral that the TMM mine can offer, pushing the TMM mine would meet less than 4% of domestic demand, and dropping.  

  4. And the TMM mine, if it were ever built, would supply China with critical minerals, not the U.S., because the U.S. has no nickel smelters, its three copper smelters are all fully-subscribed, and furthermore because the Trump Administration changed the terms of the federal mineral leases needed by TMM, so that TMM no longer has to bring back to the U.S. any of the metals it sends overseas for processing.

2.  The customers for the nickel concentrate will likely be nickel smelters in North America, Europe, Russia and China. China will be a potential market for the copper concentrate, along with other custom smelters in Europe and Asia. Twin Metals Minnesota Project, 2014-10-06 NI 43-101 Technical Report on Pre-Feasibility Study

Executive Order focused on addressing climate change

Friday, January 29, 2021
Posted by
Tom Landwehr and Becky Rom

On Wednesday, Jan. 27, 2021, President Biden signed an Executive Order focused on addressing climate change in all relevant work of the federal government. For the Boundary Waters, a key component of the Executive Order is the mandate to achieve permanent protection of 30 percent of America’s lands and adjacent oceans by 2030. This goal is intended to simultaneously help address climate resilience, slow the species extinction crisis and support maintenance of native biological diversity. This is an opportunity for permanent protection of the Boundary Waters - a critical element for biodiversity conservation and climate change adaptation. 

While the Boundary Waters currently has a high level of protection through its designation as a federal Wilderness, it is still extremely vulnerable to degradation from outside influences. Since it is a water-rich ecosystem, pollution from sulfide-ore mining anywhere within its watershed will cause irreparable damage for centuries to come. Further, while the adjacent Superior National Forest has basic protections from private exploitation, it is subject to devastation that would result from sulfide-ore copper mining. Destruction of boreal forests and massive pollution of aquatic habitats and interconnected lakes results directly in the emission of greenhouse gases and the loss of climate change resilience. 

A key part of fulfilling the ‘whole-of-government’ approach to the climate crisis should include development of specific actions by federal land management agencies to determine which public lands should be completely protected from mining, drilling and other detrimental development. Protecting and preserving Minnesota's Boundary Waters Wilderness and the surrounding boreal forest ecosystem from sulfide-ore copper mining is an important part of a national climate solution. 

An important first step will be for the U.S. Forest Service to request a mineral withdrawal (or a mining ban) of all federal lands and minerals on Superior National Forest lands in the watershed of the Boundary Waters. Such a request would trigger an environmental review of the proposed mineral withdrawal (mining ban), and the risks that sulfide-ore copper mining would pose to the Superior National Forest, the Boundary Waters Wilderness, and downstream lands and waters. The Forest Service made such a request in early 2017, after concluding that the renewal of two federal mineral leases in this location would pose an unacceptable risk of harm to the Boundary Waters Wilderness. The environmental review based on the 2017 request was abruptly halted by Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue in September 2018, after more than 181,000 people submitted comments (98% supported a ban) and dozens of ecological and economic reports had been received by the Forest Service. A new request would allow the environmental review to continue to completion, and provide the scientific basis for a decision by the Secretary of Interior on the request for a twenty-year mining ban.

The recent Executive Order is wide-reaching, visionary and critically needed. Permanent protection of the Boundary Waters fits squarely into the intended actions of the Order. An important first step will be the initiation of a request for a twenty-year mineral withdrawal and an environmental review of the proposed ban. 

Be sure to stay connected with the Campaign and follow us as we help ensure this step - and the ultimate protection of the Boundary Waters Wilderness - is quickly initiated and comprehensively addressed.

Want even more information?  Watch the hour-long Campaign webinar here from January 29, 2021 with Becky Rom, Board Chair, Tom Landwehr, Executive Director, Matt Norton, Science and Policy Director, and Alex Falconer, Government Relations Director.  

Watch the full webinar here.

The Beginner’s Guide to Hiking the Kekekabic Trail

Tuesday, January 26, 2021
Posted by
Lauren Eggert

Have you ever hiked 47 miles in 4 days? I hadn’t either—in fact, I had never truly gone on a backpacking or a Boundary Waters trip without a canoe. But that’s what I did, a hike on the elusive Kekekabic Trail in Northeastern Minnesota—a trail almost all within the breathtaking Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness. The “Kek”, as the trail is called, stretches from Snowbank Lake in Ely, Minnesota all the way to the Gunflint Trail, near Grand Marais. And to make the longest walk of my life even more interesting, I signed up for it with a brand-new, Almost Boyfriend, of all things. (What can I say, I like to keep things interesting...)

Maybe you’re like my (now) boyfriend and are an experienced hiker who doesn’t need to look down to make sure you don’t slip or trip over every single rock on the Kekekabic Trail. Or maybe you’re like me: a walking, talking, and tripping-over-your-own-feet and every rock machine.

Lesson #1: Pack a deluxe first aid kit—you will have no cell service on the Kek and no canoe to act as your gurney in the case of a rolled ankle—more on this later.

The sun peeking through as we crossed the bridge on the Agamok River Gorge.

No matter your personal experience, you can do this hike if you truly want to. You see, the Wilderness welcomes everyone, no matter your skillset or level. You don’t have to be an extreme hiker or weathered outdoorswoman. You can come as you are with borrowed or outfitted gear. Hell, even a “How to” book is good company on a trail if you’re a novice, although I did prefer my survival-encyclopedia, Almost Boyfriend, as a resource on this trip. But I still had to do it, all the hard stuff, on my own. Just like you’ll have to. All you need is the will to put one foot in front of the other, no matter what comes your way.

Lesson #2: Trekking poles are a must if you’re as graceful as me and are prone to tripping while walking on flat surfaces.

While planning your trip, people will tell you, “oh there’s just a little bit of elevation on the Kek, you’ll be fine.” However, I’m not going to lie to you, yes you will be fine, it’s not like hiking in the mountains at 9,000 feet, but to a novice hiker, this was more than a little elevation. I remember going breathless up what felt like a mountainside, explaining to myself out loud how I was going to write so many reviews on all the group-hiking pages I researched before the trip to warn people like me that the phrase, “a little elevation,” is extremely subjective.

Lesson #3: Stop and take as many breaks as you need and consider borrowing or buying a hydration pack, but water bottles work just fine. 

The Kekekabic is described as a remote, minimally maintained trail, but we had no problem following the trail—we still brought a GPS which read 47 miles at the end of our hike and not the claimed 41 miles. 

However, instead of writing a review, I’m leaving you with my packing list and a non-sugar-coated run-down of what I encountered on my journey (which I would wholeheartedly do again) to fully prepare you for your first hike on the Kek.


*Some items are per person
50-70L backpack

Tent (lightweight if possible)

Sleeping bag (w/ stuff sack)

Sleeping pad (Must fit into backpack)

Water bottle or Reservoir

Water filter

Backpacking Stove (can cook on fire grate at campsites if wood is available.)


Cookset (lightweight if possible)

Bowl/plate and a utensil

Meals (dehydrated preferably) and snacks


Biodegradable Soap (do not use directly in lakes)

Bear bag and paracord to hang from non-existent bear-safe trees

Toilet paper


Garmin GPS (optional)

Ziplock bags or  trash bag to leave no trace

Headlamp and backup batteries

Hiking boots (Broken-in….more on the joys of this classic move later)

Camp booties to give your feet a break at camp (optional)

Trekking Poles (optional)

Insect Repellent (depending on the season)

Duct Tape (You can bring a small amount wrapped around a nalgene)

Kekekabic Trail Guide

Permit to enter the BWCAW 

Fun items that I brought:

Cribbage board and cards that you’ll be too tired to play

Journal and pen to document your travels

Deluxe first-aid kit (with extra duct tape)

.410 shotgun and ammo for hunting grouse

Flask of whiskey, for those 16 mile days (keep reading for more on this)

Two Cars—one at either end of the trail or a friend to drop you off/pick you up


Fresh socks - for every day

T-shirt (Moisture wicking, not cotton)

Longsleeve (Moisture wicking, not cotton)

Fleece or wool sweater (depending on the season) 

Quick drying pants and shorts

Rain jacket and pants

Hat (warm for cold weather or baseball cap for sunny days)

Gloves or mittens (for cold weather)  

Our furry sidekick for the entire journey on the Kekekabic Trail at a campsite at Parent Lake.


On the first day of our October trip, Almost Boyfriend and I started off late in the afternoon. With the sun sinking in the sky earlier and earlier on the rapidly decreasing Fall days, we found ourselves in camp only 6 miles East of the Snowbank Lake trailhead on Parent Lake, with less than an hour of light left. We quickly set up, ate, and crashed for the night after a swig or two of whiskey. Although we hadn’t accomplished what we set out to do day one, we were happy to finally be surrounded by the beautiful Wilderness and it’s serenity—finally we were alone in the wild.

Lesson #4: Plan your miles-a-day around the hours of daylight you have and set up camp before it’s dark. Check seasonal sunset times before you head on trail.

Stopping to soak in the scenery and admire the lakeland wilderness that is the BWCA.


Day two started off bright, early, and full of dreams of making up for our late start on day one by hiking a full sixteen miles. I’ll say it again—SIXTEEN MILES of hiking in a single day. As you can imagine, this was mentally hard for me, as a novice, to even comprehend. I don’t think I’ve even walked sixteen miles in one day on a paved road before. Nonetheless, I managed to accomplish it, even though I tripped more than a few times and even rolled an ankle. 

However, this is the day I learned that breaking in your brand-new hiking shoes is a crucial step in preparation for a biped journey such as this one. About 6 miles into day two, I had blisters the size of a silver dollar (Google “silver dollar” if you were born after 1984) on the back of each heel. By the time we reached camp, I could barely walk right because I was in so much pain.

Lesson #5: Break in your hiking shoes before you go on a hike. Moleskin blister covers aren’t a bad idea either, although I found duct tape and gauze to stay in place and work much better. Did I mention trekking poles? 


We were blessed with really great weather on this early October trip, but even the sunshine on day three couldn’t take the sting out of my now torn-up heels. However, nothing could stomp on my spirit. We were now halfway through our journey, in the middle of the wild (aka, I knew I  had to keep going unless I wanted to live in the Wilderness forever), and my heart was so happy to have this experience. That is until I discovered what people meant by, “a little elevation on the Kek.” 

LOL oh my goodness. You will go up and down and up and down more times than a kid on a perpetual sugar high while hiking the Kek. Pair this with painful, duct-taped, double-socked heels and you’re in for a real treat of a day. In all seriousness, once you do make it to the tallest point of your journey at about 1900 feet, you will love the view and the feeling of sheer accomplishment on how far you’ve physically and mentally come.
Lesson #6: Hiking is mind over matter. No matter how tired your body is or how much your feet hurt, you can push past the pain to reach something beautiful.

Almost Boyfriend taking in the Ham Lake forest fire remnants.


The last day of our hike was a bittersweet one. I knew my blistered-heels needed a break and that we needed to get back to our civilized lives, but I was lovingly lost in the wonder of the wild—I didn’t want to leave. 

You see, humans are marvelous creatures of adaptation. After three days of living amongst the beautiful Boundary Waters, the trees, forest fire remnants, even the sometimes scary sounds and winds at night, I no longer felt like a visitor there but a part of it. Like the wild was what reality should be and that my home in the suburbs was just a facade. 

In short, I didn’t want to leave this quiet place or even be separated from my now-bonded Almost Boyfriend who had shared my laughs and pain on this incredible, wild journey with me. But we had done it. There were no more steps to take and honestly, no more gauze left for my wounds. 

Lesson #7: Soak up every moment, even the bad ones. They are the stories and scars you will tell once out of the woods and you’ll be damn proud of them when you’ve officially taken your final step off trail.

Eating well on the trail thanks to Almost Boyfriend hunting grouse!

In the end, was it all worth it? Hell yes! On so many levels. 

Let me be clear: a trip into the Wilderness will show you your true self. It strips away any shred of fiction in your life and reveals what’s hiding behind your screens, social posts, and societal masks. It has the capability to force you to see yourself as you truly are. No makeup. No “cute” clothes. No lies. There is no hiding from it. From the weather, from the wildlife, from the pain and challenge of completing your first epic hiking or paddling trip. The Wilderness will find you—the real you. And I personally can’t wait to do it again.

For more information on the Kek, contact local outfitters and the Superior Hiking Trail Association for resources. 

“It doesn’t matter how slowly you go, as long as you do not stop.” -Confucius

Our last scenic look before exiting the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness.

Beginner's Guide to Paddling the Boundary Waters

Tuesday, January 26, 2021
Posted by
Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters

Learn more and reserve your permit here!

The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness is America’s most visited wilderness. It consists of 1.1 million acres of interconnected waterways, uninterrupted forests and diverse wildlife. It has 1,200 miles of canoe and kayak routes, 237.5 miles of overnight hiking trails and 2,000 designated campsites. Outdoor recreationalists from around the world seek out the Boundary Waters for paddling, fishing, hunting, hiking, camping, observing wildlife and enjoying the incredible scenery.  

The Boundary Waters region are the homelands of the Anishinaabe people.*

Are you interested in planning a canoe trip but are not sure where to start?

Many outfitting businesses provide route and trip planning options as well as gear rental, guiding services, and even lodging before and after your camping trip. We recommend reaching out to an outfitter or guide service to help you plan the best possible trip. 

Here are a few questions to think about when starting to plan your trip:

When are you going?

Permit quota season goes from May 1 - September 30, so you will have to reserve an overnight permit during this timeLearn more and reserve your permit here!

Different seasons bring different delights and challenges in the Boundary Waters. In May, you’ll have fewer bugs, but the water can be cold and won’t be great for swimming. In July, there will likely be more mosquitos but you can swim! In August, It’s usually more dry, so less bugs, less muddy portages, but still warm enough for swimming. In late September, you’ll have no bugs, get to see the leaves changing, but also a small chance for snow (it happens!)

Who is coming with you?

The maximum group size is 9 people and 4 watercraft. Also take into account the fitness level, age and experience of your group when choosing your route. Depending on skill or experience levels of your trip participants you can choose an entry point that either starts off right at the water’s edge or is a portage from the parking lot to the first lake or river. Any outfitter can help you decide which entry point is the right one for your group!

Do you have specific goals or interests?

Do you want to go fishing? See waterfalls or pictographs? Want to be far away from people? Do you want to basecamp or travel a route or loop? See wildlife? An outfitter can help you pick a perfect route to fit most of your interests. 

What area do you want to explore?

There are multiple “gateways” to the Wilderness, including Ely, Tofte and Grand Marais. Depending on what permits are available you can choose whether you want to go into the Wilderness via entry points along the Gunflint Trail or Echo Trail and more. 

You can also try Paddle Planner. It’s a great route-planning tool (and many outfitters use it too!) You can see photos of a few of the campsites and see how long it will take you to paddle a certain lake and more!


What food will you bring?

You’ll need to plan ahead for your meals as you can’t just head to the grocery store if you’re hungry! You also can’t bring most cans or glass bottles - so plan accordingly. Most people bring along an assortment of dried foods: pasta, fruits, energy bars, pancake mixes, etc. Adding in tortillas for sandwich wraps, fish tacos, quesadillas, peanut butter wraps, breakfast burritos and more is a good compact source of a versatile food. Get creative and try to mix it up! Pro-tip, that first night out you’ll probably travel the most and expend the most energy - plan a good hearty meal even with some fresh foods that won’t spoil in a day. A crowd favorite can be steak (season and freeze them and they’re thawed by the time you set up your first camp) and potatoes with green beans as an example. And again, any of the outfitters mentioned below can help plan your meals and even provide pre-packed meals for you!

Northern MN Boundary Waters Business Coalition members that can help you plan & outfit your canoe trips: 

Check out more Boundary Waters Business supporters here. 


Learn more and reserve your permit here!

It is really important to follow LEAVE NO TRACE principles when in the Wilderness. 

Principle 1: Plan Ahead and Prepare

Principle 2: Travel & Camp on Durable Surfaces (BWCA Designated Campsites)

Principle 3: Dispose of Waste Properly

Principle 4: Leave What You Find

Principle 5: Minimize Campfire Impacts (Use USFS Fire Grates)

Principle 6: Respect Wildlife

Principle 7: Be Considerate of Other Visitors

You must take out all of your trash with you, and leave campsites better than you found them. It is also illegal to cut down trees that are still alive, so try to find firewood that is dead and down, and make sure all your fires are in a fire grate. Make sure your fires are drowned out and cool to the touch before you leave them. Cans and glass bottles are not allowed. Do not bring them. 

See all the rules and regulations of the Boundary Waters here.

Dogs are allowed, just make sure they are in control. (And send your pics to @bwcadogs on Instagram!)


Packing List:

Here is a suggested list of things you should bring to the Boundary Waters. Think about the weight of your gear as you’re packing and the amount of portaging you will have to do between lakes. 

  • Canoe

  • PFD (or lifejacket, for each member of your party)

  • Paddles 

  • Canoe Seat

  • Food

  • Tent & Tarp(s)

  • Sleeping Bag

  • Sleeping Pad

  • Headlamp

  • Maps

  • Map Case

  • Compass

  • Knife

  • First Aid Kit

  • Portage Packs with Liners

  • Camp Stove with Fuel

  • Coffee Pot or Press

  • Cook Kit

  • Pot(s) and Fry Pan(s)

  • Aluminum Foil

  • Paper towels

  • Utensils for eating and cooking (e.g., spatula!) 

  • Hot Drinks Mug

  • Water Bottle

  • Water Filtration (gravity filter or pump)

  • Dish Soap (biodegradable) and Scrubbie

  • Food Hanging System or Bear Barrel

  • Pack Saw

  • Pack Towel

  • Toilet Paper

  • Hand Sanitizer

  • Garbage Bags and extra Ziplocs (pack out all your waste) 

  • Matches and Lighters

  • Firestarters

  • Sunglasses with lanyard

  • Toiletries

  • Sunscreen

  • Bug Spray and Headnet

  • Dry bag or compression sack for your clothes

  • Multi-tool

  • GPS (optional)

  • NOAA Pocket Radio for weather alerts (optional)


  • Pants (quick drying is better) 

  • Shirts (Try not to wear cotton, especially in cold weather)

  • Underwear

  • Shorts (quick drying)

  • Wet boots or toe covered sandals

  • Dry boots

  • Socks (wool is best, not cotton)

  • Camp gloves

  • Good rain gear

  • Hat

  • Swim suit


We hope you can experience a trip to the Boundary Waters this year!

Learn more and reserve your permit here!

*The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness and the Superior National Forest are within the 1854 Treaty Area where Anishinaabe people (also known as Ojibwe or Chippewa) live and hunt, fish, gather and govern as sovereign people.

Mineral Withdrawal Is Necessary and Appropriate Tool for Protecting the Boundary Waters

Tuesday, January 26, 2021
Posted by
Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and U.S. Forest Service have the ability to ensure the permanent protection of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (Boundary Waters), America’s most visited wilderness. In response to the potential for negative impacts from proposed sulfide-ore copper mines along the wilderness edge, the BLM and the Forest Service can recommend that the Secretary of the Interior exercise her authority under the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA) to withdraw the federal lands within its watershed from the mineral leasing laws for twenty years.

A mineral withdrawal would start with a two-year segregation period for the federally managed minerals within Boundary Waters watershed. The segregation period would allow land managers to hit the “pause” button, retain the status quo, and weigh carefully the impacts of proposed sulfide-ore copper mining before granting companies the right to mine next to the Boundary Waters. The public, transparent process would allow the best science to prevail, as well as encourage robust public involvement in deciding what is the best future for the Boundary Waters.

The proposed mineral withdrawal protects the status quo:

  • Temporary Segregation: Subject to valid existing rights, the Interior Department would segregate a specific acreage of federal minerals on National Forest lands in the Boundary Waters watershed from mineral leasing laws. The segregation would prevent the issuance of new permits and leases in the designated area and would last for up to two years.
  • Analyses: During the segregation period, studies and environmental analyses would be conducted to determine if the National Forest lands should be withdrawn to protect the Boundary Waters.
  • Public process: During the segregation period, the Forest Service and the BLM would hold a public process to consider information provided by the public and important stakeholders about the importance of the Boundary Waters. At the end of the process, the Secretary of Interior would make a decision on the proposed 20-year withdrawal.
  • Valid, pre-existing rights: Neither a segregation for up to two years, nor any subsequent withdrawal, would prohibit ongoing or future mining on valid pre-existing rights. Neither a segregation nor a mineral withdrawal would prohibit any other authorized uses on these lands.

This step would be consistent with over a century of action to protect the Boundary Waters:

  • Five federal laws (1911, 1930, 1949, 1964, 1978); three Minnesota state laws (1933; 1976; 2003); Minnesota administrative action (1991); and two Presidential declarations (1909, 1949) all sought to protect the Boundary Waters from harmful development, including in many instances from mining.
  • The 1978 Boundary Waters Act established a Mining Protection Area next to the Boundary Waters and within the Superior National Forest but was unable to create comprehensive protection due to two mineral leases issued in 1966. The 1978 Boundary Waters Act is silent on whether mining should be allowed in the Superior National Forest outside of the Boundary Waters and the Mining Protection Area. With respect to the Boundary Waters and the Mining Protection Area, the 1978 Act directs the Forest Service to:

o   Provide for the protection and management of the fish and wildlife of the wilderness so as to enhance public enjoyment and appreciation of the unique resources of the region

o   Protect and enhance the natural values and environmental quality of the lakes, streams, shorelines and associated forest areas of the wilderness

o   Maintain high water quality in such areas

o   Minimize to the maximum extent possible, the environmental impacts associated with mineral development affecting such areas

  • In 2008 Minnesotans voted overwhelmingly to increase their own sales taxes to fund the Clean Water, Land and Legacy Amendment to the Minnesota Constitution that protected clean water and forests, proving how much Minnesotans care about clean water and the Northwoods.

Precedent exists for federal protection in similar instances:

  • Federal action has protected special places in very similar circumstances, including Yellowstone National Park (1996 and 2018), Montana’s Rocky Mountain Front in Lewis and Clark National Forest (1997 and 2000), Grand Canyon National Park (2012), and SW Oregon Wild and Scenic Rivers (2015).
  • Land withdrawals have been crucial tools of public lands management policy for over a century, dating from before the 1910 Picket Act that expressly gave the power to the President.

In the end, there are some places that you shouldn’t mine. The BLM and Forest Service have the ability to take the necessary steps within their purview as responsible land managers to make sure we don’t risk the Boundary Waters

Boundary Waters Trip Planning 2021

Monday, January 18, 2021
Posted by
Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters

Winter is a great time to start planning your summer 2021 Boundary Waters Wilderness trips! Visit again or for your first time, and remember why this wild place is truly worth saving.

On Wednesday, January 27, Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness entry permits become available through Recreation.govThe most popular entry points and dates will fill up first and don’t forget, you will need an entry permit for any overnight/multi-day trips in the Boundary Waters between May 1 and September 30.

Are you interested in planning a canoe trip but are not sure where to start? Many outfitting businesses provide route and trip planning options as well as gear rental, guiding services, and even lodging before and after your camping trip.

Do you just need a little help with route planning maps? Try Paddle Planner. It’s a great route-planning tool (and many outfitters use it too!)

We hope you can experience a trip to the Boundary Waters this year!

Learn more and reserve your permit here!

Wintering in the Wilderness

Tuesday, December 29, 2020
Posted by
Amy Freeman

Giving a Zoom presentation about Wintering in the Wilderness on the shortest day of the year and the first day of winter felt quite appropriate to me. I had the opportunity to reflect on the year that my husband, Dave, and I spent a whole year in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness in an effort to help the Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters call attention to the threat posed by sulfide-ore copper mining being proposed upstream from the BWCAW. That's 366 days (it was a leap year) of camping and traveling under our own power in the 1.1 million acre Wilderness Area. During that year, we traveled roughly 2,000 miles by canoe and ski with three amazing sled dogs, visiting about 500 lakes, rivers, and streams throughout the year. Although it was 5 years ago, I still find myself regularly comparing the present moment to what we were doing on the same day or time of year back then.

As the fall season progressed into winter, we learned to slow down. For all of our previous expeditions, we had to keep moving because we had a destination in mind. A Year in the Wilderness was different— it was about bearing witness to this place we were trying to save and sharing it with as many people as possible by posting photos on social media, writing blog posts, recording a podcast, making a short documentary film, etc. So, the point was not to get somewhere as quickly as we were physically able, but instead to truly experience the BWCAW.

Waiting for freeze-up tried our patience. The holidays highlighted for us the fact that there were no material things that we missed from the outside world. Instead, what we sorely missed were family and friends. Acknowledging certain holidays helped us reconnect. Even though we were physically apart, just knowing we were cooking the same sort of meal and upholding some traditions made us feel as if we were home, celebrating with family and friends.

We added three canine teammates shortly after New Years. Our friend, Frank Moe, dogsledded in to drop off Acorn, Tina, and Tank. Traveling and camping with them added much variety and joy to our days. The new year also brought with it a flood of visitors who trekked in to say hi and drop off some tasty treats. People arrived by foot, snowshoe, ski, and dogsled, helping to make the rest of the winter fly by.

One lesson that I actually didn’t share during the Zoom (but wished I had) was the way in which people have come together to share their unique talents to support this cause. That is, in a nutshell, what Dave and I did— we knew how to paddle, camp, dogsled, and document a journey, so we did just that during A Year in the Wilderness. There are so many who have contributed by using their talents for this cause— writing songs, running for the BWCAW, biking for the BWCAW, writing letters to the editor, you name it, people are doing it. Please keep it up and consider lending your talent, whatever it may be, to this cause.

The light is now returning, both literally and in terms of our efforts to protect the BWCAW. With the change of administration comes a chance for real progress in gaining permanent protection for the Boundary Waters from sulfide-ore copper mining.

Watch Amy Freeman's Zoom Presentation from December 21, 2020 plus the live Q&A about the Freemans' Year in the Wilderness expedition.

Celebrating Wenonah Canoe

Tuesday, December 29, 2020
Posted by
Save the Boundary Waters

Wenonah is an iconic and beloved canoe company that has been manufacturing canoes on the banks of the Mississippi River, in Winona, Minnesota, for more than 50 years. Founder Mike Cichanowski has been a steward of the Boundary Waters since taking his first Wilderness trips as a Boy Scout.

Wenonah was among the founding allies in the Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters. Did you know that Wenonah donated the original canoe on display in our Ely headquarters & Action Center in 2013? The canoe was signed by thousands of supporters who came through our doors and joined our cause.

When explorers Dave and Amy Freeman decided to paddle from Ely to Washington D.C. in the fall of 2014, Wenonah donated another canoe for the journey (because the Freemans needed to paddle a larger canoe with more surface area for signatures and so guests like filmmaker Nate Ptacek and the occasional journalist could hop in the middle seat to join them on the water). That canoe, a sleek cream-colored Wenonah Minnesota 3, earned the name Sig, for Ely’s famous wilderness advocate and writer Sigurd Olson and because of the signatures of thousands of people the Freemans met along their journey. The Paddle to DC helped establish the Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters as a conservation issue of National importance.

Wenonah has since donated several more canoes to be used as visible symbols of support for protecting the Boundary Waters, including the canoe (nick-named “Betty Jo”) towed by 4 Outward Bound instructors who bicycled across Minnesota on the Bike Tour to Save the Boundary Waters in 2015 and the beautiful custom-made red canoe for Dave and Amy’s 2018 book tour by bicycle (“Pedal to DC”), taking the message by land from Ely, across the eastern U.S.


And what about the canoe used for the Freemans’ Year in the Wilderness in 2015-2016? The perfect canoe for that journey was already in their possession from a previous cross-continental expedition. The ultralight Wenonah Itasca that Dave and Amy paddled, portaged, and dragged across frozen Boundary Waters lakes for an entire year already had thousands of miles under its hull long before its launch from River Point Resort on the South Kawishiwi River on the Fall Equinox of 2015.

These “Adventure Advocacy” trips with Wenonah canoes have been some of the most inspiring and visible ways we’ve been able to elevate the call to protect the Boundary Waters from sulfide-ore copper mining.

Wenonah Canoe owner Mike Cichanowski has travelled to Washington D.C. several times along with other Save the Boundary Waters advocates and business owners, meeting face-to-face with decision makers. These trips helped make possible the Obama administration’s decision to terminate Twin Metals’ mining leases next to the Boundary Waters.

The Trump Administration reversed course and reinstated and renewed the mining leases, decisions that Northeastern Minnesotans for Wilderness (the lead organization of Save the Boundary Waters) and 9 Minnesota businesses, including Wenonah, are challenging in federal court.

In honor of the 40th Anniversary of the Boundary Waters Act, in 2018 Wenonah made 10 special edition Bud Heinselman canoes. Bud Heinselman was a great wilderness hero of the 1970’s whose research on the history and importance of fire in the Boundary Waters ecosystem is still the bedrock of fire ecology across North America. 

Thank you, Wenonah Canoe!

Save the Boundary Waters’ Government Relations Director Alex Falconer and his family in their twin Wenonah canoes